"There has been no research to show
using bottled water causes tooth decay," reports American Dental
Association spokesman Dr. Johnathan Shenkin in a Healthday.com article.
Dr. Burton Edelstein agrees. He is president
of the DC-based Children's Dental Health Project and ColumbiaUniversity dentistry professor who describes the increasing prevalence of tooth
decay among young children as "alarming."
"[Today] one in 10 2-year olds, one in
five 3-year olds, one in three 4-year olds and approaching half of 5-year-olds
have visually evident tooth decay experience," he said, adding that
"the consequences in terms of pain, infection, dysfunction and unmet
treatment need are significant.” Edelstein told Healthday.com
No US child is fluoride-deficient. But up to 60% show
signs of fluoride-overdose (dental fluorosis), Tooth decay rates are soaring
despite 67 years of fluoridation, 57 years of fluoridated toothpaste, a glut of
fluoridated dental products, and a fluoride-saturated food supply.
The U.S. Surgeon General reports that
excessive fluoride increases susceptibility to cavities.
To avoid crippling skeletal fluorosis, the
Environmental Protection Agency sets 4 parts per million (ppm) or 4 milligrams per
quart of water as a “safe” water level.. Many Americans exceed that amount from all sources.
The Iowa Fluoride Study's principal
investigator, Steven Levy, found that some babies ingest 6 milligrams fluoride daily.
Furthermore, Levy found 90% of 3-month-olds consumed over their recommended
fluoride levels. "There is no specific nutritional requirement for
fluoride...,” Levy et al. admit.
Levy also found:
-- 77% of soft drinks had fluoride levels greater than 0.60 ppm
-- two ounces of baby chicken food provides baby's maximum dose
-- foods high in fluoride -- teas, dry infant cereals, dried chicken, and
-- grape juice, especially white, contains very high fluoride levels
-- 42% of juice and juice drinks tested revealed unlabeled fluoride levels
greater than 0.60 ppm
-- cereals processed in fluoridated areas contain from 3.8 to 6.3 ppm
The USDA provides a database of fluoride contents of food
Reports that bottled-water drinkers risk more cavities are
unsubstantiated. The Wall Street Journal reported, "Little research has
done on the use of bottled water and risk of tooth decay, dental experts
"For children's dental health measures,
it was found that fluoridation rates were not significantly related to the
measures of either caries or overall condition of the teeth for urban or rural
areas." (West VirginiaUniversity Rural HealthResearchCenter, 2012)
"It may...be that fluoridation of
drinking water does not have a strong protective effect against early childhood
caries (cavities)," reports dentist Howard Pollick, University of
California, and colleagues, in the Winter 2003 Journal of Public Health
Even when fluoridated water is the most
consumed item, cavities are extensive when diets are poor, according to Caries
Burt and colleagues studied low-income African-American adults, 14-years-old
and over, living in Detroit, Michigan, where water suppliers add fluoride chemicals
attempting to prevent cavities. Yet, 83%of this population has severe tooth
decay and diets high in sugars and fats, and low in fruits and vegetables.
"The most frequently reported food on a daily basis was [fluoridated] tap
water," write Burt's research team. Second were [probably fluoridated] soft
drinks and third were potato chips.
Tooth decay in fluoridated Detroit's
toddlers' teeth is also shocking. Almost all of Detroit's five-year-olds have cavities; most of them go
The scientific literature now tells us that
ingesting fluoride does not reduce tooth decay so it’s no surprise that
drinking fluoride-free bottled water is not linked to higher rates of tooth
decay and that people who drink fluoridated tap water are not experiencing less